TFR 40 – Beyond Interdependence: The Meshing of the World's Economy and the Earth's Ecology


This report provides an analysis of the critical relationships between the global environment, the world economy, and the international order.

The authors argue that environmental degradation, resource depletion, and the need to secure access to increasingly scarce global reserves of energy and other raw materials could become the principal source of interstate conflict in the post-cold war world.

Suggesting that the interlocking of the world's economy and the earth's ecology is the issue of the 1990s, the authors argue for a "sustainable development" model for economic progress and suggest that the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro would likely be the last chance this century for leaders and decision-makers to seriously address and arrest the accelerating environmental threats to economic development, national security, and human survival.


Jim MacNeill, President, MacNeill & Associates, and Senior Fellow, at the Institute for Research on Public Policy, Ottawa; former Secretary General and member of the World Commission on Environment and Development
Pieter Winsemius, Director, McKinsey & Company, Amsterdam; former Dutch Minister of Housing, Physical Planning, and Environment
Taizo Yakushiji, Professor of Technology and International Relations, at the Graduate School of Policy Science, Saitama University, Japan

Table of Contents

To order: Oxford University Press

Foreword by David Rockefeller
Introduction by Maurice Strong
I. The Growth Imperative and Sustainable Development
II. Recasting Domestic Policy
III. Global Environmental and Geopolitical Change
IV. Toward Global Action
V. Challenges and Prospects for a Sustainable Future

  • Topics: Economics, Energy
  • Region:  North America, Europe, Middle East, Africa, Pacific Asia
  • Publisher:  Oxford University Press
  • Publication Date:  © 1991
  • ISBN:  0-19-507126-3
  • Pages:  192