TFR 44 – International Migration Challenges in a New Era


Great migration flows and emergency mass movements are occurring during this historical period of world transition. Because large numbers on the move can be the source of political instability and dangerous upheaval, international migration is emerging as a critical concern for peace and stability.

In this book, four distinguished experts explore the consequences of contemporary migration. They devote separate chapters to immigration challenges in Canada and the United States, in European Community countries, and in Japan. It is in European Community countries in particular that immigration has become an issue of high politics. According to the authors, “the core difficulty is that Europe has become an imimigration region, having neither planned nor chosen to be one.” These chapters are followed by a chapter on changing approaches to refugees, using the cases of Iraq, Cambodia, Haiti and the former Yugoslavia.

The concluding chapter suggests a broad policy framework for dealing with contemporary migrations, “anchored in a new international imperative, the right of individuals to stay where they are. Most international migration today is an act of desperation, not choice. The vast majority of individuals prefer home and will stay there if conditions are even barely tolerable. It is that impulse on which policy must build.”


Doris Meissner, Director, Immigration Policy Project, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington; Commissioner, U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) as of October 1993
Robert D. Hormats, Vice Chairman, Goldman Sachs International, New York; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs
Antonio Garrigues Walker, Senior Partner, J & A Garrigues, Madrid; Special Advisor to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Shijuro Ogata, Senior Advisor to Yamaichi Securities, Tokyo; former Deputy Governor for International Relations, Bank of Japan.

Table of Contents

Summary Highlights
I. Who Are Today’s Migrants? Why Are They on the Move?
A. Anatomy of the Issues
B. Causes of Contemporary Migrations
II. Canada and the United States
A. What Constitutes Immigration Policy?
- Who?
- How Many?
- From Where?
B. Canada
- Profile of the System
- Issues of Special Interest
C. The United States
- Illegal Immigration
- Refugee Policy
- Immigrant Integration
- Regional Economic Integration
III. European Community Countries
A. Europe and Immigration Today
- The Foreigner Issue
- East-West Pressures
- South-North Pressures
- The Asylum Crisis
B. Immigration as an Issue of High Politics
- Parties and Domestic Politics
- European Community Structures and Policy
C. Europe and Immigration Tomorrow
-. A Closed Debate
- The Plethora of Forums
- Fortress Europe
IV. Japan
A. Labor Shortages and Foreign Workers
- The Demographic Imperative
- Illegal Workers
- Government Policy
B. Japan's International Role
V. The International Community and Refugees: Different Contexts, Changing Approaches
A. The Aftermath of the Gulf War
B. Cambodia
C. Ex-Yugoslavia
- New Dilemmas
- New Realities
D. Haiti
VI. Where Do We Go From Here?: A Framework for Policy

  • Topics: Security, Multilateral Cooperation
  • Region:  North America, Europe, Pacific Asia
  • Publisher:  The Trilateral Commission
  • Publication Date:  © 1993
  • ISBN:  0-930503-69-4
  • Pages:  116
  • Complete Text: Click here to download