Peter Sutherland is chairman of Goldman Sachs International (1995–current). He is former chairman of BP plc (1997–December 2009). He was appointed chairman of the London School of Economics in 2008. In addition to his chairmanships listed above, he is a member of the Supervisory Board of Allianz and the Advisory Board of Eli Lilly. He is currently UN special representative for migration and development. Before these appointments he was the founding director-general of the World Trade Organization. He had previously served as director-general of GATT since July 1993 and was instrumental in concluding the Uruguay GATT Round Negotiations. Prior to this position, he was chairman of Allied Irish Banks from 1989 to 1993 and chairman of the Board of Governors of the European Institute of Public Administration (Maastricht) from 1991 to 1996. Educated at Gonzaga College, University College Dublin, and at the Honorable Society of King’s Inns, from 1969 to 1871, Mr. Sutherland was a tutor in law at University College Dublin. From 1981 until early 1982, he was attorney general of Ireland and was a member of the Council of State. He was reappointed in 1982 and served until 1984 when he was nominated by the Government of Ireland as a member of the Commission of the European Communities in charge of competition policy. During his first year at the Commission he was also responsible for social affairs, health and education, and thereafter for relations with the European Parliament. He is associated with the following organizations: World Economic Forum, Foundation Board member; The Federal Trust, president; European Policy Centre Advisory Council, member; goodwill ambassador to the United Nations Industrial Development Organization; and consultor for the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See. His publications include the book Premier Janvier 1993: Ce qui va changer en Europe (1989) and numerous articles in law journals. He chaired the committee that reported to the EEC Commission on the functioning of the internal market after 1992 (The Sutherland Report) and was presented with the Robert Schuman Medal for his work on European integration, and the David Rockefeller Award of the Trilateral Commission. Mr. Sutherland was a Trilateral Commission author of 21st Century Strategies of the Trilateral Countries: In Concert or Conflict (1999, with Robert B. Zoellick and Hisashi Owada) and was elected European chairman of the Commission for three terms (2001-2010). He has been decorated by the United Kingdom (honorary knighthood), France, Belgium, Brazil, the Vatican, Portugal, Spain, and New Zealand, and he has fifteen honorary degrees.